Atelophobia is a psychological condition also known as fear of imperfection or imperfection fear. An atelophobic person has lack of self confidence, making him think that he is imperfect in every way. He is very self conscious, wary of people surroundig him, worried that he will make mistakes in his work and these mistakes will be noticed by others. He sometimes even faces severe paralytic panic attacks due to increased fear.
Before treatment, there is another step that mut be taken correctly: diagnosis. There are several steps in diagnosis of atelophobia. The atelophobic shows a very disappointed behaviour on failure. He can be recognized through this or other abnormal psychological behaviours. In addition, there are physical symptoms which a therapist recognizes and can be used to diagnose the problem of the patient. Correct diagnosis is very important before starting the treatment or therapy of any illness, let it be mental or physical.
The atelophobic is very anxious all the times. Before starting therapy, his anxiety needs to be controlled by anti-anxiety drugs. Once administered, they control the tension of the patient temporarily which allows the therapist to talk to the atelophobic properly and take any other measures. Anti-anxiety drugs can also control some physical conditions and the depression faced by the person due to failures and inability to cope with them.
There is no specific drug for atelophobia. In fact drugs can mask general symptoms of atelophobia temporarily. This makes one think that the person is now treated and does not need furthur help. However, after some time the effect of drugs starts diminishing and the person shows more severe atelophobia. Therefore, psychological therapy is the only good way of treating this problem.
Patient Will Power
Will power is a major factor that helps a person suffering from a mental illness. No one can treat a patient until that person wants to be treated himself. If a person really wants to be normal and wants to get rid of his fear, only then he can. To accomplish this, the person should be given hope and should be assured that he can lead a normal life in which small mistakes do not matter as much as he thinks.
Finding the Cause
There are different factors that can lead to atelophobia in different people. In some people it is a painful experience in past and in others it is a demanding childhood. Even physical problems like adrenal gland malfunction can lead to atelophobia. Whatever the cause is in a particular person, the discovery of it plays a major role in treatment. The therapist can convince the person that what he fears has no significance. He has to destroy the roots of atelophobia to treat it forever. For example, if he has a demanding past, he should be convinced that it was the situation due to which he could not accomplish the task, and it was not his fault.
Symptom Assessment Questionnaires
Such questionnaires assess the general conditions and different aspects of the stage of illness. You should consult your therapist to have this type of questionnaire applied to yourself or your loved one who suffers from atelophobia.
Following steps are followed to overcome atelophobia through exposure therapy.
- Evaluation, in which patient describes his feelings and tells his past experiences.
- Feedback, in which the therapist evaluates the condition of the atelophobic and decides his treatment plan.
- Formation of a list of conditions aggravating the fear.
- Exposure, in which the patient is exposed to the conditions causing fear, beginning with the least difficult situation. In time, the patient overcomes his fear.
- Building, where the patient overcomes one fearful situation and moves on to the next stage.
In addition, relaxing exercises are also used to release the patient’s anxiety and fear. Talk therapy, behavioral therapy and self help are preferred over the exposure therapy. But, depending on the patient’s condition, a therapy is chosen along with, if necessary (but usually avoided) medication.